As a charity MCS relies on your generous support


MCS Home

Good Fish Guide

return to search Return to search results


Click to enlarge

Prawn, Tiger, prawns (Farmed)

Panaeus monodon

Method of production - Farmed
Production country - Global
Production method - Pond systems, GAA BAP certification
Accreditation - Global Aquaculture Aquaculture Alliance (GAA) Best Aquaculture Practice (BAP) 2*3*4*
Fish type - Shellfish

Sustainability rating Click for explaination of rating

This fish, caught by the methods and in the area listed above, is not the most sustainable choice of fish to eat. Click on the rating icon above to read more and on the alternatives tab below to find more sustainable fish to eat.

Sustainability overview

Global Aquaculture Alliance (GAA) 2* 3* 4* certification standards for the Best Aquaculture Practice (BAP) production of warm water prawns defines and enforces production standards to address many issues of concern. Intensive prawn/shrimp farming is associated with a number of negative environmental impacts which are of concern, these include: Impacts on ecologically sensitive habitats; the risk of salinisation of freshwater bodies; discharge of organic matter and nutrients leading to environmental changes; the use of chemicals and therapeutics in production and the potential of disease transfer between farmed and wild prawns. Marine prawns are carnivorous requiring high protein inclusion on their diet, this is one of the most critical concerns regarding prawn farming as the supply of fishmeal and fish-oil being used is, in general not traceable to species level and is not certified sustainable. They are also concerns regarding the current regulatory framework and level of enforcement for aquaculture production in these production areas. GAA operate a star system, with one star * for each - processing, production,hatchery and feed . MCS only rated 2* and above as 1* only refers to the processing plant. 4* products are the best choice to make


The tiger prawn belongs to the largest of the prawn and shrimp family, the Penaeidae. Its lifecycle may be divided into 6 stages or phases, from embryo to adult, which it completes in one year. The age of sexual maturity varies from 5 to 11 months. They can live up to 2 years in the wild although farmed prawns are usually harvested at 6 months.

Stock information

Stock area

View map areas

Stock information


We are just updating our information please check back soon.

Production method

Pond systems, GAA BAP certification

Prawn /shrimp are farmed in saline/brackish water ponds of various sizes and intensities in many parts of the world, either in coastal areas or inland within or outside the intertidal zone. Intensive pond farming has a higher stocking density of prawns and requires the use of inputs such as feed and therapeutants as opposed to traditional extensive systems.

Read the MCS Aquaculture policy position paper

FAO Aquaculture Species Factsheets:

Global Aquaculture Alliance(GAA) Best Aquaculture PracticeBAP Finfish and Crustacean Farm Standard,Issue 2.Revision September 2014.

GAA BAP Feed Mill standard 2014 Revision 7/14. (May 2013)

Return to top Return to top

Sign up to get the latest marine information from the Marine Conservation Society


Sign up to get all the latest marine related news from MCS

The UK charity for the protection of our seas, shores and wildlife.

Read more about MCS

The MCS website uses 'Cookies' to enhance your web experience. Please read our data and cookie policy.
If you do not wish to use cookies please read how to disable cookies. Don't show this message again