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Haddock

Melanogrammus aeglefinus

Method of production - Caught at sea
Capture method - Longline
Capture area - North East Atlantic (FAO 27)
Stock area - Faroes grounds
Stock detail - Vb
Certification -
Fish type - White round fish

Sustainability rating Click for explaination of rating

This fish, caught by the methods and in the area listed above, is the least sustainable fish to eat and should be avoided. Click on the rating icon above to read more and on the alternatives tab below to find sustainable fish to eat.


Sustainability overview

The stock in this area is depleted. There is no management or recovery plan yet implemented for it's recovery. Avoid eating.

Biology

Haddock is a cold-temperate (boreal) species. It is a migratory fish, found in inshore shallow waters in summer and in deep water in winter. Smaller than cod, it can attain a length of 70-100cms and can live for more than 20 years. It spawns between February and June, but mostly in March and April. In the North Sea haddock become sexually mature at an age of 3-4 years and a length of 30-40cm. Maturity occurs later and at greater lengths in more northern areas of its range.

Stock information

Stock area
Faroes grounds

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Stock information
The spawning-stock biomass (SSB) has decreased since 2003 and is estimated to have been below Blim since 2010. The fishing mortality (F) has decreased in recent years and is now slightly above FMSY. Recruitment (age 2) from 2005 onwards has been well below the long-term average. However, the 2015 year class is estimated to be above average.

For the past 7 years ICES has advised that there be no directed fishery on haddock, measures be put in place to minimise bycatch of haddock in other fisheries and a recovery plan implemented as a prerequisite to reopening the directed fishery. For 2017 ICES advises that fishing mortality should be not more than 3.5k tonnes.

Management

There is no management plan for this stock. A preliminary management plan, including a recovery plan, was formulated in 2011, but has not been implemented. An effort management system based on the number of fishing days, closed areas and other technical measures has been in use since 1996 to ensure sustainable exploitation of stocks in the area. This has however not achieved the expected reduction of fishing on depleted stocks. The Faroese Parliament decides the number of allocated fishing days for each new fishing season. The number of fishing days used by the main fleet targeting haddock (longliners) only amounts to around half of the allocated days. With surplus allocated fishing days, current effort control is not limiting fishing pressure. Faroe Plateau cod and Faroe haddock are caught in a mixed fishery. In the current state of both stocks (around Blim), and with effort control not limiting fishing pressure, further development of management measures that includes the mixed-fishery issue is required.

Capture information

Haddock are mainly caught in a directed longline fishery for cod and haddock and as bycatches in trawl fisheries for saithe. In 2015 longliners accounted for 81% of the 3kt catch with trawlers taking the rest. Longlining is a less fuel intensive and generally a more selective method of fishing. However, this fishery is responsible for bycatch of juvenile and young haddock. There is also possible bycatch of shark and other non-target species, including seabirds. The minimum landing size for haddock in EU waters is 30cm (27cm in Skaggerak/Kattegat).

Read more about capture methods

Alternatives

Based on method of production, fish type, and consumer rating: only fish rated 2 and below are included as an alternative in the list below . Click on a name to show the sustainable options available.

Basa, Tra, Catfish or Vietnamese River Cobbler Depending on how and where it's caught this species ranges from sustainable to unsustainable. Click the name to display only the sustainable options.

Bass, seabass (Farmed) Depending on how and where it's caught this species ranges from sustainable to unsustainable. Click the name to display only the sustainable options.

Bream, Gilthead (Farmed) Depending on how and where it's caught this species ranges from sustainable to unsustainable. Click the name to display only the sustainable options.

Cod, Atlantic Cod Depending on how and where it's caught this species ranges from sustainable to unsustainable. Click the name to display only the sustainable options.

Coley, Saithe Depending on how and where it's caught this species ranges from sustainable to unsustainable. Click the name to display only the sustainable options.

Haddock Depending on how and where it's caught this species ranges from sustainable to unsustainable. Click the name to display only the sustainable options.

Hake, Cape

Hake, European Depending on how and where it's caught this species ranges from sustainable to unsustainable. Click the name to display only the sustainable options.

Japanese amberjack, Yellowtail or Seriola

Pollock, Alaska, Walleye Depending on how and where it's caught this species ranges from sustainable to unsustainable. Click the name to display only the sustainable options.

Pouting or Bib Depending on how and where it's caught this species ranges from sustainable to unsustainable. Click the name to display only the sustainable options.

Sturgeon (Farmed) Depending on how and where it's caught this species ranges from sustainable to unsustainable. Click the name to display only the sustainable options.

Tilapia

Whiting Depending on how and where it's caught this species ranges from sustainable to unsustainable. Click the name to display only the sustainable options.


References
ICES Advice 2016, Book http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2016/2016/had-faro.pdf

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