ICES continues to advise in 2015 that there be no directed fishery on haddock in 2016, measures be put in place to minimise bycatch of haddock in other fisheries and a recovery plan implemented as a prerequisite to reopening the directed fishery. Avoid eating.
Haddock is a cold-temperate (boreal) species. It is a migratory fish, found in inshore shallow waters in summer and in deep water in winter. Smaller than cod, it can attain a length of 70-100cms and can live for more than 20 years. It spawns between February and June, but mostly in March and April. In the North Sea haddock become sexually mature at an age of 3-4 years and a length of 30-40cm. Maturity occurs later and at greater lengths in more northern areas of its range.
Biomass for this stock has decreased since 2003 and since 2010 has been estimated to be below B lim. Given the recent poor recruitment, slow growth and low biomass ICES continues to advise that there be no directed fishery on haddock, measures be put in place to minimise bycatch of haddock in other fisheries and a recovery plan implemented as a prerequisite to reopening the directed fishery.
There is no explicit management plan for this stock. A Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) based plan has however been proposed but not yet approved by the authorities. An effort management system based on the number of fishing days, closed areas and other technical measures was implemented in 1996 to ensure sustainable exploitation of stocks in the area. This has however not achieved the expected reduction of fishing on depleted stocks.
Haddock are mainly caught in a directed longline fishery for cod and haddock and as bycatches in trawl fisheries for saithe. Normally longlining accounts for 80-90% of catches. In 2013 longliners accounted for 78% of the 3kt catch with trawlers taking the rest. Longlining is a less fuel intensive and generally a more selective method of fishing. However, this fishery is responsible for bycatch of juvenile and young haddock. There is also possible bycatch of shark and other non-target species, including seabirds. The minimum landing size for haddock in EU waters is 30cm (27cm in Skaggerak/Kattegat).
Based on method of production, fish type, and consumer rating: only fish rated 2 and below are included as an alternative in the list below . Click on a name to show the sustainable options available.
ICES Advice 2015, Book 4 http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2015/2015/had-faro.pdf
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