Good Fish Guide
Prawn, King (whiteleg), prawns
Method of production - Farmed
Production country - Global
Production method - Pond systems, GAA BAP certification
Accreditation - Global Aquaculture Aquaculture Alliance (GAA) Best Aquaculture Practice (BAP) 2*3*4*
Fish type - Shellfish
Global Aquaculture Alliance (GAA) 2* 3* 4* certification standards for the Best Aquaculture Practice (BAP) production of warm water prawns defines and enforces production standards to address many issues of concern. Intensive prawn/shrimp farming is associated with a number of negative environmental impacts which are of concern, these include: Impacts on ecologically sensitive habitats; the risk of salinisation of freshwater bodies; discharge of organic matter and nutrients leading to environmental changes; the use of chemicals and therapeutics in production and the potential of disease transfer between farmed and wild prawns. Marine prawns are carnivorous requiring high protein inclusion on their diet, this is one of the most critical concerns regarding prawn farming as the supply of fishmeal and fish-oil being used is, in general not traceable to species level and is not certified sustainable. They are also concerns regarding the current regulatory framework and level of enforcement for aquaculture production in these production areas. GAA operate a star system, with one star * for each - processing, production,hatchery and feed. MCS rates 2* and above and does not recognise 1* rated products as this just refers to processing. 4* products are the best choice to make..
The king prawn (or whiteleg prawn, white shrimp) belongs to the largest of the prawn and shrimp family, the Penaeidae. It is a native species of the Eastern Pacific coast. Its lifecycle may be divided into 6 stages or phases, from embryo to adult, which it completes in one year. The age of sexual maturity varies from 5 to 7 months. They can live up to 2 years in the wild although farmed prawns are usually harvested at 6 months.
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Pond systems, GAA BAP certification
Prawn /shrimp are farmed in saline/brackish water ponds of various sizes and intensities in many parts of the world, either in coastal areas or inland within or outside the intertidal zone. Intensive pond farming has a higher stocking density of prawns and requires the use of inputs such as feed and therapeutants as opposed to traditional extensive systems.
Based on method of production, fish type, and consumer rating: only fish rated 2 and below are included as an alternative in the list below . Click on a name to show the sustainable options available.
FAO Aquaculture Species Factsheets.http://www.fao.org/fishery/culturedspecies/Litopenaeus_vannamei/en
Global Aquaculture Alliance(GAA) Best Aquaculture PracticeBAP Finfish and Crustacean Farm Standard,Issue 2.Revision September 2014.
GAA BAP Feed Mill standard 2014 Revision 7/14.
http://gaalliance.org/news-events/newsroom/cause-of-ems-shrimp-disease-identified/ (May 2013)
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